How to prevent and eliminate lice?


Head lice are greyish insects the size of a sesame seed that feed on blood. They love clean hair as well as dirty hair and touch everyone.

A female can lay up to ten nits (eggs) a day. Live eggs are greyish white and shiny. They stand near the root of the hair and are very difficult to remove. Dead eggs are much whiter and are far from the scalp.

The  transmission  from one person to another is through  direct contact hair . Contrary to popular belief,  lice do not fly and do not jump from one head to another . In addition,  transmission through objects such as brushes or pillows is difficult , because a louse can survive more than three days away from the scalp.


The main symptom is of course  the itching of the head, neck and ears . On the other hand, lice do not always cause itching. You may also notice  small red spots on the scalp . These are blood stains since the lice bite to feed.

To perform a check, you must have a fine comb. Here are  the steps to follow:

  1. Place your child’s head under a lamp. The lice are fleeing light and you can see them move.
  2. Wet the hair.
  3. Separate the hair into several strands using the comb.
  4. Pass the comb in each strand, one at a time.
  5. Pay particular attention to the back of the ears and neck.
  6. After combing each wick, check for eggs or adult lice on the comb.
  7. Wash your hands.

It is recommended to examine the head of your child every day if there are lice in the entourage. Also, during the  school year , it is good to apply this technique every week  as a precautionary measure.

Unfortunately, there is no prevention treatment against lice. Only rapid detection and treatment of infested individuals can prevent the spread of lice .

How do you know if your child has head lice?

For example :

  • Tie long hair.
  • Do not share personal items such as toques, scarves or brushes.
  • Place toques, caps and scarves in the mantle sleeves.
  • Avoid pressing your head against the others.


If you detect lice or nits, it is important to apply head lice treatment as soon as possible . Several treatments are available in pharmacy. Ask for the help of your pharmacist, he will advise you the treatment best suited to your needs and may even, in some cases, prescribe treatment.

Here are some  tips to help you treat head lice:

  • Examine the heads of all the people in the family.
  • Treat only people who have lice or nits.
  • Treat all infested persons the same day.
  • Notify the school, the child care service and the people who have been in contact with the person.
  • Follow the directions for use recommended by the manufacturer of the head lice treatment you are using.
  • Clean personal items (bedding, combs, hairbrushes, hats, caps and other accessories).
  • Make a second application of the product 7 to 9 days after the first (varies depending on the product) and even a third, depending on the product chosen.
  • Use a fine comb in addition to the treatment, 2, 11 and 17 days after the first application of the product to increase the chances of success.
  • Repeat a complete treatment with a different product if you still find lice 17 days after the first application.

Head lice are not dangerous but very disturbing, they cause a lot of headaches.   for effective treatment.

Remember that fast detection and treatment is the key to ending head lice.

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